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Define and evaluate models / theories of addiction
Word count: 3000 words
These express the criteria against which achievement of the learning outcomes will be assessed
The assignment comprises of an essay of 3,000 words in which you will compare different theories of substance use and misuse of a chosen psychoactive substance and relate them to the social and cultural context.
To help you structure your essay you should follow the points below:
Structure for the essay 3000 word count
Section 1: Introduction; first introduce the essay and then add the aims of the essay at the end of the paragraph (short and concise paragraph).
Section 2: Name the Drug (ALCOHOL) and its history (very brief one paragraph)
Section 3: The Drug and how its work (again very brief use: Understanding Drugs and Behaviour: https://uwl.summon.serialssolutions.com/search?s.q=nderstanding+Drugs+and+Behaviour&op=Search#!/search?ho=t&l=en-UK&q=Understanding%20Drugs%20and%20Behaviour)
Section 4: Prevalence of the drug from reports (NHS, alcohol: https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/statistics-on-alcohol/2020, Government: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/alcohol-and-drug-statistics, NHS other drugs: https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/statistics-on-drug-misuse)
Section 5: Lead into the importance of understanding addiction and that in the next portion of the essay you will write about 2 theories of addiction, evidence them and then discuss the implications of the BPS framework as well as highlight how those theories fit into the frame work.
Section 6: Theory 1 (describe), give evidence from research (primary source). Outline one key piece clearly and then you can add other to support without writing out the extra information on method used in the research etc.
Section 7: Theory 2 (describe), give evidence from research (primary source). Outline one key piece clearly and then you can add other to support without writing out the extra information on method used in the research etc.
Section 8: Explain the Bio-Psycho-Social framework and where the theories cover fit in (basically they explain biological function in relation to maintenance etc, they explain the social or environmental aspect). Example: Biological theory is important to explain that there is a biological component to addiction and the mechanics of how it works in terms augmenting pathways and cause issues of motivation, frontal control and therefore choice to take as well as difficulty to stop (compulsion, craving etc). However, the biological model does not explain the initiation of the substance use in this essay. Genetics in part suggest there are influences or vulnerability when using a drug but it is not clear how the person seeks out the drug. In regard to this Social Learning theory covered in the essay highlights how the environment; which consists of peers, family, society and media in relation to depiction of the drug and availability becomes a very important factor. How individuals in their childhood, adolescence and adulthood view individuals using, or their attitudes towards drugs can help determine initiation of use as evidenced in the previous section of this essay.
Section 9: Conclusion; summarise the essay and its key components and tie them together. Suggest that addiction is complex in your conclusion and needs further research as well as integration of the BPS model in order to gain some form of unification such as multifaceted approach to explaining what addiction is.
Journal Articles for the assignment please use those articles plus 6 books.
Psychology of addiction Shamil Wanigaratne https://reader.elsevier.com/reader/sd/pii/S1476179306001327?token=DDAF78C82C869338C93E2DFB4DF3575BAED39375314B5D19F55EFD32DC17FDA861F1C60C2FED93FD0A6DFF98912CBACF&originRegion=eu-west-1&originCreation=20220111173642
Can be used the criticise the learning model OC: Exploring the Limits and Utility of Operant Conditioning in the Treatment of Drug Addiction Kenneth Silverman
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Skinner - Operant Conditioning by Saul McLeod
What`s conditioned in conditioned place preference?
Psych Classical Conditioning
Psych Social Learning Theory
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