Social Development: Mixed Age Group

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Definition of Society

  • Any social community; the state of living togetherwith other individuals, customs, organizations; any collective of people living together and organized for some common purposes, similar interests and principles.

  • Social life is an organization of human beings eachfeeling his responsibility in relation to a collective order.

  • The individual needs another as a mirror for his identity.

  • The individual belongs to society and is responsible to that society.

  • We all are part of the society of mankind. 

Different types of individuals Asocial:

Lack of interaction with others or no ability to interact. (Hermitage) Antisocial: They are against rules and project their own feelings in others. Not in harmony with the world. Sociable: surrounded by people. Needs people around him to make him happy Socialized: Serene, does not need the constant recognition of others to be happy. Possess a degree of awareness of himself and othersthat he belongs to a group and has to collaborate and participate. Has social awareness, healthy interpersonal relationships. His value is not given by others but by his abilities and limits. Knows it’s worth and does not need the feedback necessarily.

Process of Socialization

Prenatal-Postnatal period

  • There should be a preparation to conceive a child.

  • Mother protects herself and protects the child growing inside.

  • After birth the symbiotic period establishes a mutually beneficial experience to both.

  • The relationship between mother and child during the first days of life will help to establish a relationship of trust and security betweenboth.

  • The affective relationship with the mother will give him the feeling about how the world will receive him. Together with the mother’s relationship comes the relationship between father, child, and siblings (if any). 

The Family

  • The first social encounter is with the parents, which are no others, but human beings. Depending on this relationship, everyone will feel accepted.

  • The child obtains in his family an essential element, which he cannot find elsewhere (the focus of interest, love)

  • The first need is met by the mother, who not only feeds the child but at the same time offers love and warmth.

  • The mother is the representative of Society

  • The child will develop a basic sense of trust if hisneeds are met and what he absorbs from his first surrounding is:

  • A positive experience

  • A harmonious relationship

  • The mother conveys a sense of her own identity. Whatshe is doing should have a real meaning in her life. She is a mirror to the child’s identity 


  • It is the next society after home. A new adaptation needs to be done.
  • The child must transfer his/her trust from his parents to the guide.

  • The child’s society is enlarged.

  • He comes to a group where a new adult is establishing new rules and there are more children his age.

  • It requires a social growth

  • The guide is in charge of this society and helps the child adapt to it. 

Factors that Contribute to Social Education 

The Adult ---------------The Prepared Environment -------------------Mixed ages

The Adult

  • The guide is in charge of this society.

  • Guiding with love

  • Help the child little by little to accept the rules.

  • To give firm guides

  • To allow and encourage him to act independently

  • Help the child to transform into a responsible person for society.

  • Show the child he can still count on their love.

  • Carefully guide him to success. 

The prepared environment

  • Limits: 

  • Material limited in quantity

  • Knowledge precedes action 2 

  • Use and return in the same condition as found

  • “Children maintain the environment”

  • Fragile material

  • Makes an internal adjustment in the child’s behavior.

  • Develops patience and respect towards those who share the environment...

  • Develops the “will”. The child needs to postpone the satisfaction of his desires.

  • He can respect this because he is also respected.

  • The guide is responsible for this to happen 


  • Freedom to choose his place and work.

  • Freedom to repeat and work with the same material as many times and for as long as he wants to.

  • They’re a great variety of possibilities (discovershis own talents)

  • “the freedom of one child ends where the freedomof the other begins”

  • There is freedom within limits to be able to have a community life. Too much freedom leads to chaos. Lack of freedom leads to rebellion or conformity • There is freedom as long as it does not interfere with the rights of others.

  • The rules are in the benefit of the individual but also in the benefit of the community. The activities in the environment promote social contact. Activities such as… • Grace and courtesy lessons are given so he knows how to act in different situations.

  • Dusting, sweeping, carrying a table, preparing snacks, setting the table, silence game, walking on the line.

  • Daily conversations among them or in small groups are moments to establish certain rules.

  • Dancing, singing, playing games and preparing for a celebration. No Competition:

  • Because there are no punishments or rewards to compare.

  • They work because it satisfies them and because of their relationship with others.

  • In a non-competitive environment, the child has more possibilities to help others. 

Mixed Ages:

  • There are children of three different ages.

  • One-third of each age

  • The ages are balanced in gender.

  • Each child stays for three years in the same environment.

  • The role of each child varies during the different years. (it is a natural phenomenon) “There are many things that no teacher can convey to a child of three, but a child of five can do it with the utmost ease. There is between them a mental osmosis” Montessori, Maria. The Absorbent Mind. Oxford, England. The Clio Montessori Series, 1988,

  • The environment and the limits are an invitation to get socially involved.

  • The child needs to exercise his will without risking his basic trust.

  • He needs to gain self-control without losing his self-esteem.

  • To transform into a social being he must act independently and be able to concentrate. 

In the first years of life, the child knows and trustshis world according to his experiences. When there is trust between the child and the adult, the adult can help the child to transform into a member of society.

  • 3-6 years: formation of personality (character) insociety.

  • 6-12 years: Formation of groups and moral character.

  • 12-18 years: Social embryo. Conscious of his role in society.

  • 18-24 years: Transform and enriches society.

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