1.1 Explain the term safeguarding - Promote Safeguarding and Protection in Adult Health Care

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Assignment Brief: Promote Safeguarding and Protection in Adult Health Care



Each task in this assessment brief has been developed to enable you to demonstrate and evidence achievement of the learning outcomes and assessment criteria for Safeguarding and Protection in Adult Care in an organisational context specific to your work environment.  You must complete each outcome to successfully achieve the unit.

Preparation for the assessment

  • Before you begin the assessment tasks, please read the guidance that supports this unit thoroughly to ensure that you provide the right content in your responses that relate to the assessment criteria.
  • Research the topics related to this assessment.  Your tutor will signpost you to the learning resources and recommended reading list, created to support and help you develop your understanding of the unit topic.
  • Additionally, you have been given unique access to our QCS system where you will find a huge bank of excellent sector-related guidance and policy information.

Completing the assignment brief

  • This assignment brief contains a series of tasks for you to complete. Each task is referenced to the relevant assessment criteria detailed in the Assessment Guidance Table below. 
  • The work should be word-processed and presented professionally, with clear headings and where illustrations or work-based evidence is being presented, this should be included in the main narrative.
  • In-text referencing of external sources, quotations and models should be evident in your narrative to show that you have undertaken research to gain an in-depth understanding of the topic, as well as crediting the sources used to build your narrative.
  • You must include a reference list following the conventions of The Harvard Style System.  This should be present on your final submission, so your tutor can verify all the documents, websites and sources used.
  • Finally, you must sign the Learner Declaration to authenticate the work you are presenting for assessment (please refer to annex 1 of this assignment brief).
Promote Safeguarding and Protection in Adult Health Care            



This unit introduces the importance of safeguarding individuals from abuse. It identifies different types of abuse and the signs and symptoms that might indicate abuse is occurring. It considers when individuals might be particularly vulnerable to abuse and what a learner must do if abuse is suspected or alleged.

At the end of this unit, you will have developed the understanding and confidence to safeguard those in your workplace. You will understand your roles and responsibilities in relation to safe practice and how to support others.



Task Number

Unit Assessment Criteria Covered




1.1 Explain the term safeguarding.

1.2 Explain own role and responsibilities in safeguarding individuals.

1.3 Define the following terms: ● physical abuse ● domestic abuse ● sexual abuse ● emotional/psychological abuse ● financial/material abuse ● modern slavery ● discriminatory abuse ● institutional/organisational abuse ● self-neglect ● neglect by others.

1.4 Describe harm.

1.5 Describe restrictive practices.

2.1 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each of the following types of abuse: ● physical abuse ● domestic abuse ● sexual abuse ● emotional/psychological abuse ● financial/material abuse ● modern slavery ● discriminatory abuse ● institutional/organisational abuse ● self-neglect ● neglect by others.

2.2 Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse.

3.3 Identify ways to ensure that evidence of abuse is preserved.



3.1 Explain the actions to take if there are suspicions that an individual is being abused.

3.2 Explain the actions to take if an individual alleges that they are being abused.


4.1 Identify relevant legislation, national policies and local systems that relate to safeguarding and protection from abuse.

4.2 Explain the roles of different agencies in safeguarding and protecting individuals from abuse.

4.3 Identify factors that have featured in reports into serious cases of abuse and neglect.

4.4 Identify sources of information and advice about own role in safeguarding and protecting individuals from abuse, including whistleblowing.

4.5 Identify when to seek support in situations beyond your experience and expertise.


5.1 Explain how the likelihood of abuse may be reduced by: ● working with person-centred values ● encouraging active participation ● promoting choice and rights ● supporting individuals with awareness of personal safety.

5.2 Explain the importance of an accessible complaints procedure for reducing the likelihood of abuse.

5.3 Outline how the likelihood of abuse can be reduced by managing risk and focusing on prevention.

6.1 Describe unsafe practices that may affect the wellbeing of individuals.

6.2 Explain the actions to take if unsafe practices have been identified.

6.3 Describe the actions to take if suspected abuse or unsafe practices have been reported but nothing has been done in response.


7.1 Describe the potential risks presented by: ● the use of electronic communication devices ● the use of the internet ● the use of social networking sites ● carrying out financial transactions online.

7.2 Explain ways of reducing the risks presented by each of these types of activity.

7.3 Explain the importance of balancing measures for online safety against the benefits to individuals of using electronic systems and devices.



Task 1: Part A:

As a health and social care worker, you must have an understanding of the principles of safeguarding, you will need to understand what safeguarding is and your roles and responsibilities.

To start this unit, you will need to write a report titled: ‘Principles of safeguarding’.

Your report should start by explaining the term safeguarding and what harm is.

You will then need to go on to explain the roles and responsibilities you have when it comes to safeguarding. You will need to discuss:

  • Training.
  • Knowledge of policies and procedures relevant to own level of responsibility.
  • Awareness of own practice.

The report should also describe restrictive practice and this should cover:

  • Use of physical restraints.
  • Medication as a restraint.
  • Use of seclusion.

You should conclude your report by describing factors that contribute to an individual’s vulnerability.

Task 1: Part B:

For this task you will need to complete the table below, the key types of abuse have been listed and you will need to clearly define the type of abuse and identify associated signs and symptoms. You will also need to identify the ways in which you can preserve evidence.

Top Tip: refer to the unit tutorial guidance and suggested reading/web resource materials provided to develop your knowledge and understanding

Type of abuse

Define the term

Signs and symptoms


How to preserve evidence













Emotional/ psychological




Financial/ material




Modern day slavery








Institutional/ organisational




Self-neglect and neglect by others







Task two: Part A  

As part of your responsibilities, you should know how to respond to safeguarding, where it is suspected an individual is being abused or it is alleged, they are being abused

Create a flowchart that clearly explains the actions to take

Top Tip: refer to the unit tutorial guidance, as well as your workplace policies. You can also access the Safeguarding policy and procedure on your QCS portal.



Task three: Part A

This task is about understanding the national and local context of safeguarding and protection from abuse. Firstly, you will need to identify the key national policies and local systems

You should then complete the table below explaining the roles of the key agencies. These have been provided for you.

A Safeguarding Adult Review (SAB) is held when an adult at risk dies, or experiences serious neglect or abuse, and there is concern that partner agencies could have worked more effectively to protect them. The board that reviews them is called the Safeguarding Adults Board (SAB). Many failures have been found from safeguarding reviews, below you should identify these.

Top Tip: refer to the unit tutorial guidance, you could also look at the Soham Murders, Winterbourne View Care Home or Orchid View

When it comes to safeguarding there is plenty of support available, identify the sources for information and advice and give examples of when you would need to seek advice beyond your experience.


Description of their role

Social Services


Care Assistants


Residential children’s home workers


Health services


Voluntary services, e.g MIND, NSPCC


The police


Any others




 Task four: Part A  

For this task you are asked to write a report, this should be titled: ‘Recognising and reporting unsafe Practices’

Within the report you will need to explain how abuse can be reduced, this should include working in a person-centred way, active participation and informed choice.

For the second part, you will need to access your complaints procedure and provide an overview of the process and why it is important that it is accessible.

Abuse can be prevented by reducing and managing risk, outline how this be done.

Below is an example of unsafe practice:

Mr Thomas is supported with personal care as part of his agreed care package. When the carer arrives, they do not check the care plan and have not bought with them the appropriate PPE. They tell Mr Thomas that they don’t have gloves and then proceed to provide personal care. They did not wash their hands.

For the final part of your report, you should describe a variety of unsafe practices and the action you would take if unsafe practice was identified. This should be acted on, however, if you felt nothing was being done, you would need to take further action. You should also describe these actions



Task five: Part A  

Online safety is always important, even more so at the moment, as we are all accessing online facilities more and more. Poor online safety can put the individual at risk of abuse.

For the final task, you will need to write a report, this should be titled: ‘Online safety: risks and benefits’

Firstly, you will need to describe the potential risks from using online resources, this should include electronic devices, the internet and social networking websites. For each resource, you should also explain how you can reduce the likelihood of risk when using them.

You should conclude your report by explaining the importance of balancing online safety and the benefits that the types of online use can offer




Mengele C – Safeguarding Adults Online: A guide for practitioners (Policy Press, 2016) ISBN 9781447333951 Ferreiro Peteiro, M (2018) The City & Guilds Textbook Level 3 Diploma in Adult Care for the Lead Adult Care Worker Apprenticeship: Hodder Education, IBSN 9781510429093



NHS England pocket guide to safeguarding.


Website for current government legislation


Safeguarding under the Care Act 2014.


Care Act 2014


Standard 10 updated version.


Mental Capacity Act 2005 and safeguarding.


To access QCS policy and procedure please use your learner login details.  A recorded guide on how to use the QCS system is available to support you.

  • CR03 Safeguarding Policy and Procedure.
  • CR07 Data Protection and Confidentiality Policy.
  • PE03 Equality, Diversity and Inclusion Policy
  • And many other sector related policies and procedures

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