Synthesise, analyse and evaluate the theoretical concepts defining international entrepreneurship activities.

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Module Handbook

International Entrepreneurship 

Year: 2021-22

 

Level: 7

Contents

About the Module

Why is this subject important?

The module introduces the learner to the main concepts, frameworks and firms supporting international entrepreneurship.  It is defined as: "…the discovery, enactment, evaluation, and exploitation of opportunities- across national borders - to create future goods and services." (McDougall  and Oviatt 2005)"

International trade, entrepreneurship and innovation are widely recognised as key drivers for economic growth and firm competitiveness (Schumpeter 1934; Acs, et al. 2012; Williams and Vorley 2017). In a dynamic, complex, and often uncertain global trading environment, how firms, whether international new ventures or more established organisations successfully navigate new economic landscapes requires them to engage in a combination of internationalisation, entrepreneurship and innovation (Kurakto et al., 2015).

International entrepreneurship is a relatively new area within international business. International entrepreneurship research includes entrepreneurial activities which cross national borders and comparisons between local and international entrepreneurial activity (Jones, 2011). Governments and Corporations seek to encourage and nurture individuals and firms to develop their innovative capabilities thus building upon and developing their country`s entrepreneurial support systems. This module will consider the theoretical approach to international entrepreneurship and international corporate entrepreneurship and the practical aspects of bringing ideas and innovations into the international business arena. Synthesise, analyse and evaluate the theoretical concepts defining international entrepreneurship activities.

How is internationalisation delivered and applied within the module?

Internationalisation is delivered through the content covered in the seminars and lectures; guest lectures; and the assessment tasks. 

How will this module deliver the relevant industry sector skills and competencies?

Students will be introduced to the relevant industry sector application of key concepts and theories through guest lectures delivered by internal and external contacts.

How will this module embed Principles of Responsible Management Education?

The focus on this module is on productive entrepreneurial activities as opposed unproductive/destructive entrepreneurial activities.

How will this module be delivered?

The teaching and learning strategy will involve a combination of tutor input and student led activities. The tutor will introduce theoretical concepts and ideas relevant to the module. These will then be explored using case material and the experiences of the student group. When possible, external speakers from the corporate world will be invited to make an input on specific topics and themes. Activity based learning is the fundamental approach adopted in the unit.

Additional features of learning sessions are:

  • poster presentations by students on issues reviewed in the session;
  • small group presentations (unassessed), where groups present their response to questions prepared outside class sessions;
  • analysis of case studies;
  • using networking sites to explore entrepreneurial activity.

Assessment Package

Assessment will be comprised of one element:

ASSESSMENT TASK

% weighting of overall module mark

Duration of task / word count /

length of exam

In-module retrieval available

Individual written report

(PebblePad online platform tool will be introduced to developing and validating) your business ideas)

100

4,000 words maximum

No

How will Blackboard be used with this module?

Blackboard site is available and will include seminar preparation activities, key journal readings and multimedia resources. The Blackboard site will be a `forum` to share ideas and interesting articles you have found in your reading. You are encouraged to share links with your colleagues via BB and other online tools such as LinkedIn.

How will student feedback be obtained on this module and how will this be used?

Learners will be provided with verbal feedback on class activities. Review meetings will be held with the module tutor throughout the duration of the module to provide formative feedback on work in progress for the written assignment. Written feedback will be provided for the assessed piece of work. The written feedback will comment on how well the assessment criteria and learning outcomes have been met and will use a specially designed proforma. Learners will be able to clarify any outstanding issues after the first one-to-one discussions with the module tutor.

Module Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module you will be able to:  

  1. Synthesise, analyse and evaluate the theoretical concepts defining international entrepreneurship activities.
  2. Develop the skills needed to successfully network and market yourself and your entrepreneurial ideas, products and services.
  3. Critically access and appreciate the different contexts (new venture creation, firm level, national level and international level) in which entrepreneurship can be developed, explored and extended.  

Reading and directed study

Students should endeavour to read each week’s directed reading as a minimum. If the key texts are not available, the topics covered may be found in other texts in the supplementary and alternative reading list. Additional reading will provide further background to the topic for those students who wish to explore it in more depth. If unsure – ask your tutor.

Reading List

This is not an exhaustive reading list. It is expected that you will read widely and use relevant key word searches where necessary to identify additional articles. International entrepreneurship is explored, critiqued and debated from a range of different perspectives.

Key Text:

 

Recommended reading (books and journals):

 

 

Some classical papers

 

 

Granovetter, M. S. (1973). The strength of work ties. American Journal of Sociology, 78(6), pp.1360-1381.

 

Johanson, J., & Mattsson, L. G. (1988). Internationalisation in industrial systems-a network approach. In N. Hood & J. E. Vahlne (Eds.), Strategies in global competition, pp.287-314. London: Croom Helm.

 

Johanson, J., & Vahlne, J. E. (1977). Internationalisation process of the firm: A model of knowledge development and increasing foreign commitment. Journal of International Business Studies, 8, pp.23-32.

 

Madsen, T. K., & Servais, P. (1997).The internationalisation of born globals: An evolutionary process. International Business Review, 6 (6), pp.561-583.

 

McDougall, P.P., & Oviatt, B.M. (2000). International Entrepreneurship: The Intersection of Two Research Paths. The Academy of Management Journal, 43 (5), 902 - 1096

 

Rennie, M. (1993). Born global. McKinsey Quarterly, 4, pp 45-52.

 

 

More recent texts/papers

 

 

Francis, J. Green (2020). Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice.Red Globe Press:London.

Limited access to the ‘electronic version:- https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/shu/detail.action?docID=6234925

 

Alvarez, S. A., Barney, J. B., & Anderson, P. (2013). Forming and exploiting opportunities: The implications of discovery and creation processes for entrepreneurial and organizational research. Organization Science, 8–13. Synthesise, analyse and evaluate the theoretical concepts defining international entrepreneurship activities.

 

Blundel, R., & Lockett, N. (2011) Exploring Entrepreneurship, Practices and Perspectives, 1st Edition, Oxford Press.

 

Cavusgil, S.T., & Knight G (2009) Born global firms: a new international enterprise New York: Business Expert.

 

Davidsson, P. (2015). Entrepreneurial opportunities and the entrepreneurship nexus : A re-conceptualization. Journal of Business Venturing, 30(5), 674–695.

 

Gundoğdu, M.Ç. (2012). Re-Thinking Entrepreneurship, Intrapreneurship, and Innovation: A Multi-Concept Perspective. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 41,pp 296-303.

 

Hisrich, R. D. (2013) International Entrepreneurship: Starting, Developing, and Managing a Global Venture. 2nd Edition, Sage.

 

Johanson, J., & Vahlne, J. E. (2006). Commitment and opportunity development in the internationalisation process: A note on the Uppsala internationalisation process model. Management International Review, 46(2), pp.165-178.

 

Jones, M.V., Coveillo, N., & Tang, Y. K. (2011). International entpreneurship research (1989-2009): A domain ontology and thematic analysis. Journal of Business Venturing, 26 (6), pp 632-659.

 

Keupp, M. M & Gassmann, O. (2009). The past and the future of International Entrepreneurship: A review and suggestions for developing the field. Journal of Management, 35 (3), pp 600-633

 

Kiss, N. A., Danis, M. W., & Cavusgil, S.T. (2012). International Entpreneurship research in emerging economies: A critical review and research agenda. Journal of Business Venturing, 27 (2), pp 266 - 290.

 

Masango, S.G & Marinova, S.T. (2012). Development of international entrepreneurial opportunities by South African early rapidly internationalising small firms. In M. Marinov and S. Marinova (Eds.) Impacts of emerging economies and firms on international business. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

 

Masango, S.G & Marinova, S.T. (2014). Knowledge based network ties in Early Rapidly Internationalising Small Firms: A missing link. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 10 (3) pp 471-486.

 

Mort, G.S., & Weerawardena, J. (2006). Networking capability and international entrepreneurship. International Marketing Review, 23 (5), 549

 

Oviatt, B. M., & McDougall, P. P. (2005). Defining international entrepreneurship and modelling the speed of internationalisation. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 29(5), pp.537-553.

 

Ridley-Duff, R. and Bull, M. (2017) Understanding Social Enterprise: Theory and Practice, London: Sage Publications

 

Sigfusson, T., & Harris, S. (2012) The relationship formation paths of international

entrepreneurs Journal of International Entrepreneurship 10 (4), pp. 325–349

 

Smith, D. (2010) Exploring Innovation, 2nd Edition, London: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

 

 

Periodicals– The following journals are indicative only – you will find that the library subscribes to a wide range of journals, with many available online. 

 

Entrepreneurship Theory and Practise

 

Journal of World Business

 

Journal of Business Venturing

 

Journal of International Entrepreneurship

 

Journal of International Business Studies

 

 

Internet sources – the resources included below provide you with an indication of the wealth of information available online.  As you discover additional useful resources, please email the teaching team and we will continue to develop a valuable resource together.

 

 

http://www.linkedin.com/

Learners are encouraged to create a profile on LinkedIn and to daily review online material on LinkedIn. LinkedIn provides daily news items often related to entrepreneurial and innovative activity.

 

http://www.ukti.gov.uk/home.html

This is a useful site providing information on exporting from and importing to the UK. UKTI is a government organisation which promotes international trade and provides a range of services to help firms trade around the world.

 

www.gem.org

The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) is a not -for-profit academic research consortium that has as its goal making high quality information on global entrepreneurial activity readily available to as wide an audience as possible. GEM is the largest single study of entrepreneurial activity in the world.

www.isbe.org.uk

The Institute for Small Business and Entrepreneurship (ISBE) is the UK`s largest and most well established network for individuals and organisations involved in: small business and entrepreneurship research; enterprise support and advice; entrepreneurship education; formulation, delivery and evaluation of policy in this area. Synthesise, analyse and evaluate the theoretical concepts defining international entrepreneurship activities.

http://ie-scholars.net/ Forum for international entrepreneurship scholars.

Key Text:

Recommended reading (books and journals):

 

Some classical papers

 

Granovetter, M. S. (1973). The strength of work ties. American Journal of Sociology, 78(6), pp.1360-1381.

Johanson, J., & Mattsson, L. G. (1988). Internationalisation in industrial systems-a network approach. In N. Hood & J. E. Vahlne (Eds.), Strategies in global competition, pp.287-314. London: Croom Helm.

Johanson, J., & Vahlne, J. E. (1977). Internationalisation process of the firm: A model of knowledge development and increasing foreign commitment. Journal of International Business Studies, 8, pp.23-32.

Madsen, T. K., & Servais, P. (1997).The internationalisation of born globals: An evolutionary process. International Business Review, 6 (6), pp.561-583.

McDougall, P.P., & Oviatt, B.M. (2000). International Entrepreneurship: The Intersection of Two Research Paths. The Academy of Management Journal, 43 (5), 902 - 1096

Rennie, M. (1993). Born global. McKinsey Quarterly, 4, pp 45-52.

 

More recent texts/papers

 

Francis, J. Green (2020). Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice.Red Globe Press:London.

Limited access to the ‘electronic version:- https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/shu/detail.action?docID=6234925

Alvarez, S. A., Barney, J. B., & Anderson, P. (2013). Forming and exploiting opportunities: The implications of discovery and creation processes for entrepreneurial and organizational research. Organization Science, 8–13.

Blundel, R., & Lockett, N. (2011) Exploring Entrepreneurship, Practices and Perspectives, 1st Edition, Oxford Press.

Cavusgil, S.T., & Knight G (2009) Born global firms: a new international enterprise New York: Business Expert.

Davidsson, P. (2015). Entrepreneurial opportunities and the entrepreneurship nexus : A re-conceptualization. Journal of Business Venturing, 30(5), 674–695.

Gundoğdu, M.Ç. (2012). Re-Thinking Entrepreneurship, Intrapreneurship, and Innovation: A Multi-Concept Perspective. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 41,pp 296-303.

Hisrich, R. D. (2013) International Entrepreneurship: Starting, Developing, and Managing a Global Venture. 2nd Edition, Sage.

Johanson, J., & Vahlne, J. E. (2006). Commitment and opportunity development in the internationalisation process: A note on the Uppsala internationalisation process model. Management International Review, 46(2), pp.165-178.

Jones, M.V., Coveillo, N., & Tang, Y. K. (2011). International entpreneurship research (1989-2009): A domain ontology and thematic analysis. Journal of Business Venturing, 26 (6), pp 632-659.

Keupp, M. M & Gassmann, O. (2009). The past and the future of International Entrepreneurship: A review and suggestions for developing the field. Journal of Management, 35 (3), pp 600-633

Kiss, N. A., Danis, M. W., & Cavusgil, S.T. (2012). International Entpreneurship research in emerging economies: A critical review and research agenda. Journal of Business Venturing, 27 (2), pp 266 - 290.

Masango, S.G & Marinova, S.T. (2012). Development of international entrepreneurial opportunities by South African early rapidly internationalising small firms. In M. Marinov and S. Marinova (Eds.) Impacts of emerging economies and firms on international business. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Masango, S.G & Marinova, S.T. (2014). Knowledge based network ties in Early Rapidly Internationalising Small Firms: A missing link. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 10 (3) pp 471-486.

Mort, G.S., & Weerawardena, J. (2006). Networking capability and international entrepreneurship. International Marketing Review, 23 (5), 549

Oviatt, B. M., & McDougall, P. P. (2005). Defining international entrepreneurship and modelling the speed of internationalisation. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 29(5), pp.537-553.

Ridley-Duff, R. and Bull, M. (2017) Understanding Social Enterprise: Theory and Practice, London: Sage Publications

Sigfusson, T., & Harris, S. (2012) The relationship formation paths of international

entrepreneurs Journal of International Entrepreneurship 10 (4), pp. 325–349

Smith, D. (2010) Exploring Innovation, 2nd Edition, London: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

 

Periodicals– The following journals are indicative only – you will find that the library subscribes to a wide range of journals, with many available online.

 

Entrepreneurship Theory and Practise

Journal of World Business

Journal of Business Venturing

Journal of International Entrepreneurship

Journal of International Business Studies

 

Internet sources – the resources included below provide you with an indication of the wealth of information available online.  As you discover additional useful resources, please email the teaching team and we will continue to develop a valuable resource together.

 

http://www.linkedin.com/

Learners are encouraged to create a profile on LinkedIn and to daily review online material on LinkedIn. LinkedIn provides daily news items often related to entrepreneurial and innovative activity.

http://www.ukti.gov.uk/home.html

This is a useful site providing information on exporting from and importing to the UK. UKTI is a government organisation which promotes international trade and provides a range of services to help firms trade around the world.

www.gem.org

The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) is a not -for-profit academic research consortium that has as its goal making high quality information on global entrepreneurial activity readily available to as wide an audience as possible. GEM is the largest single study of entrepreneurial activity in the world.

www.isbe.org.uk

The Institute for Small Business and Entrepreneurship (ISBE) is the UK`s largest and most well established network for individuals and organisations involved in: small business and entrepreneurship research; enterprise support and advice; entrepreneurship education; formulation, delivery and evaluation of policy in this area.

http://ie-scholars.net/ Forum for international entrepreneurship scholars.


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