You have been appointed as a team of consultants to design a Hotel building complex near the motorway that links an international airport in the UK, Heathrow to the specific.

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Structural Design Project

Module code: 6HX506

CW Brief

2021

 

Module Title: Structural Design Project

Module Code: 6HX506

Introduction

You have been appointed as a team of consultants to design a Hotel building complex near the motorway that links an international airport in the UK, Heathrow to the specific. The site of this complex is separated from the motorway by a large fast flowing Stream that flows parallel to the motorway and finally finds its way into the River Thames .This Stream which is about 10m (or 20m) wide lies in the middle (that is midway) of the few kilometres land space  between the chosen Hotel Complex site and the motorway.

The Client who is a private investor needs a five storey framed Hotel building(s) to accommodate 200 guests and is proposed together with some inter-connecting Infrastructure with the Motorway which is not only necessary but required as a key element of the project; the building frame provides the structure for a series of high specification living hotel rooms and suites that are intended to be built in the south of England, around Heathrow Airport.

The client requires the cheapest solution among considered alternatives which could be either Steel frame or RC design consideration, for the given project covering both the frame and the link infrastructure.

For a Steel alternative: Euro codes in general should apply and should be utilized but the following limits are imposed for the frame to keep fabrication and assembly costs to a minimum:

• Three column section sizes should be used, two for the upper floors and one for the ground floor and basement.

• Up to three beam sizes may be used although effort should also be made to keep these to a similar depth on any given floor.

• Only two beam connection details are required to avoid confusion over the size or type of bolts to be used (for steel structure).

• A maximum of two bracing/shear wall element sizes and connections are required.

For Reinforced concrete alternative if considered, Euro code Standards are to be followed appropriately.

For the infrastructure and access, Rigid or Flexible pavement can be used and appropriate material can be used for the bridge and pedestrian walkway as needed.

Client’s Requirements for the Building.

The needs of client can be separated into the following distinct categories

  1. time requirements 
  2. cost requirements considering minimum two conceptual choice for material, frame structure,  floor system, and foundation
  3. quality requirements
  4. make as little as possible impact any the existing building and environment
  5.  use construction processes and material  that will cause little disruption to the surrounding building
  6. compliant with current legislation
  7. 5 stories building with one basement
  8. Bearing capacity for the soil C=200kN/m2
  9. The various offices are located as follow:

Basement: Parking,

Ground floor or Hotel Yard:  Parking

Floor1-5: Hotel Rooms and Suites, Bars, Restaurants, Offices and Support Facilities.

  1. There is no Health and Safety File records for this site
  2. All contractors need to be part of the Considerate Contractor Scheme

NOTE: If you provide your own plans, the span length should be equal or more than 5m, the height of ground floor is 4m, and the height other floors is 3.2m

Clients Requirements covering Sustainability for the Interconnecting Link Infrastructure

a) The access to the Motorway from the Hotel complex is required to include a small bridge across the fast flowing stream and additionally, a pedestrian walkway across the Motorway with a standard width. The approach roads and facilities are also a significant part of the Hotel complex and must be included in both the feasibility and the design..

b) Materials and Construction methods chosen for the approach roads to the bridge, the walkway and the bridge in particular, are to be sustainable and economical amongst the alternatives considered.  

Basis of Design

The structure is to be designed in accordance with the requirements of the latest editions of BS EN1990, BS EN1991 and BS EN1993, and other needed Euro Codes each with the appropriate National Annex.

Structural arrangement

  1. Geometry of the structure

Some dimensions of the structure are dependent upon group members date of birth. These are as follows (in metres):Grades S275 or S355 for steel structure and S400/500 MPa for reinforcement bars may be used although the current price difference is small. As such, cheaper solutions are usually found using S275 but if, for example, a section just fails to meet a requirement then increasing the steel grade may provide a cheaper alternative than moving up to the next section size. This is particularly useful when trying to splice columns.The structural arrangement is shown in the above drawing. It consists of two regions that are repeated for each of the offices. The structure has two key features, a large opening in the first floor slabs to allow for a large entrance atrium and a cantilevered second floor. You have been appointed as a team of consultants to design a Hotel building complex near the motorway that links an international airport in the UK, Heathrow to the specific. The site of this complex is separated from the motorway by a large fast flowing Stream that flows parallel to the motorway and finally finds its way into the River Thames .This Stream which is about 10m (or 20m) wide lies in the middle (that is midway) of the few kilometres land space  between the chosen Hotel Complex site and the motorway.

a = 6.3 + [(dd+mm+yy) of person A in group]/75

b = 6.6 + [(dd+mm+yy) of person B in group]/80

c = 4.9 + [(dd+mm+yy) of person C in group]/65

d = 5.5 + [(dd+mm+yy) of person D in group]/85

NOTE: If there are only three people in your group then ignore the activity of Person D and make dimension d equal to c.

Loading

Characteristic loads for permanent, variable and wind are to be determined in accordance with EC1 and loading is nominally residential; further details are given in the notes of the attached drawing. For the purposes of design, take the upper limit of any load range recommended by EC1. For wind loading, take the worst loading of any region of southern England south of a line drawn from Bath to London. There is no need to account for any other type of loading. Overall do some research on all the loads and materials to be used for building, the bridge, bridge approach roads and the pedestrian walkway bridge using Euro codes and related documentation.

Marking criteria for CW1 (Feasibility) and CW2 (Design)

The secondary coversheet shows the marks allocated to each section of the exercise. Marks will be awarded using the following criteria and the following Excel Sheets:

A summary electronic submission may be requested, which will be confirmed at a later date.


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